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The applications for the London Business School MBA programme starting in August 2018 are now open and that means you can start preparing your submissions for the first round deadline.
We believe that preparation and time is the key to a successful application. Therefore, to make the process as smooth as possible, we have put together a checklist for you to use to start your application as the first deadline is fast approaching.
Start planning for your GMAT/GRE tests. Practice makes perfect! This is the time to prepare yourself for a competitive result that will strengthen your application. Our average GMAT score is 707, with a range from 600-790. Rest assured that the Admissions Committee will be reviewing all the elements of the application holistically. Keep in mind a low GMAT/GRE score will not automatically exclude you from the admissions process, and a high score will not necessarily grant you a place onto the programme. Although, a high score will make your application more competitive against the applicant pool.
Start preparing your essays. Essays are a vital aspect of your application and we recommend that you spend a significant amount of time drafting them. You can start by gathering your thoughts about what you would like to write about. Talk to your colleagues, friends and family and ask for feedback on the authenticity of your essays and ask if they reflect your personality.
The essay questions for the MBA2020 application are:
- What are your post-MBA goals and how will your prior experience and the London Business School programme contribute towards these? (500 words)
- Is there any other information you believe the Admissions Committee should know about you and your application to London Business School? (OPTIONAL) (500 words)
Take this time to decide on who will be your referees. The Admissions Committee will preferably want two professional references, but we do understand that a current employer might not be an option for you for various reasons. I would like to emphasize that content is more important than the status of your referee. You do not necessarily have to go C-Suite. We would like to get to know you better, and we would strongly suggest choosing referees whom you trust to dedicate time to your reference. They should know you very well and work or have worked with you closely. That could be your current/previous line manager, a trusted colleague, even a client or your stakeholders.
Make this decision wisely, and perhaps take them out for a coffee to explain your motivations and aspirations behind your application to our MBA programme. Once you have opened the online application, you may submit your referees’ details before application submission. Your referees will then receive an online form via email for them to complete.
You must submit your scores of an English language test if you have not lived, studied or worked in an English-speaking environment for more than 2 years, then you must submit your scores of an English language test. This test must have been taken within the last two years. We accept the following tests: TOEFL, IELTS, CPE, PTE (Pearson Test of English) and CAE.
If you are unsure of any steps throughout the process, please do get in touch at email@example.com We are always happy to talk with you! Our team will be on the road throughout the year, so keep an eye on our events page to find out when we are travelling to your area! This is a great chance for us to connect with you in person about your application process.
If you are planning on visiting London, contact us to learn about our Drop-in sessions, monthly information sessions or coffee chats. This is a great opportunity for you to meet with staff and current students in order to learn more about the LBS experience.
The new deadlines for our MBA2020 are now available on our website.
I wish you all the best of luck with your application. We look forward to getting to know you!
Summer is the time of changes in the world of admissions. On Friday 14 July we said goodbye to the MBA2017 class who had their official congregation ceremony at the Royal Festival Hall in London. It was a bitter sweet day. On one hand we celebrated the success of the MBA2017 class who have completed their MBA and are about to embark on new and exciting adventures all around the world; on the other hand we also had to send them our farewells as we’ll no longer bump into them on campus. We will definitely miss that! It’s been two years since we first welcomed the class on campus at their official Orientation day and it has been an incredible two years watching them go through their transformational MBA journey. This class has had a real positive impact on the LBS community and it is hard to only mention a few reasons why they are such a great bunch. BUT my two favorite highlights from this class has been its take on inclusion and diversity.
The Women in Business Club officially launched the Man-bassador scheme which aims to encourage both men and women to openly discuss issues regarding gender diversity. The scheme has created opportunities for all students to learn how to be a successful male ally, and promote the message of equality to fellow students. This very important initiative from the Women in Business Club will be carried over to this year’s presidents who are continuing to build bridges and include allies in the discussion. Speaking of diversity and inclusion, the MBA2017 class has also been instrumental in propelling the Out in Business Club. Their mission is to raise awareness of the LGBT+ community, promote diversity and facilitate interaction between its members and other LGBT+ business networks. Last year the club organised the biggest ever EurOut conference, attracting more than 200 students from 45 leading global business schools and universities and speakers from BCG (the event’s lead sponsor), McKinsey, Cisco, Google, KPMG, Telegraph Group and Mishcon de Reya just to name a few. It has been an incredible experience watching the Out in Business club grow both in size and presence (the intake of openly LGBT+ students at LBS has more than trebled since 2010) and I am confident that the club will continue to make a positive contribution not only to LBS, but to the wider community as well.
The MBA2017 class have of course been involved in many, many more activites and causes, and these are just a couple of my personal highlights. So while we say goodbye to an amazing class, we are also saying hello to a brand new MBA class, something we in admissions are really excited about! We have been working with the new class since our first application deadline in September and in just a few weeks we welcome all 430 of them on campus. The new class will be as diverse as previous MBA classes, with students from over 70 different nationalities and of course from a variety of different professional backgrounds.
I was privileged to meet some of the new members of the MBA2019 class last month when I went to the annual Forte Foundation conference. At London Business School we invite our Forte Scholarship recipients to join the conference and this year we had four of our MBA2019 admits attending. Inspirational as always, this year the conference was hosted by Amazon in their home town of Seattle, Washington. Whether it was Amazon, the amazing line-up of speakers or the Forte Foundation’s amazing brand, this year’s conference ended up completely sold out! It was attended by more than 600 incoming or current MBA women from over 40 different schools in North America and Europe. Four of those 600 attendees are starting their MBA at LBS in just a few weeks:
- Sherry, a brand manager for Clif Bar in California and a wine enthusiast. Enthusiast is actually a real understatement, Sherry has not only worked in vineyards in Napa, she is also named after two wines…Sherry Rose. Sherry’s marketing experience will be extremely valuable for her classmates at LBS, but so will her experience in wine, particularly in the Wine and Spirits club!
- Neressa is a scientist at BioMarin Pharmaceiticals Inc, a biotechnology company which focuses on treatments for rare genetic diseases that mostly affect children. Neressa’s unique science background in a very male-dominated world will provide different perspectives to the classroom discussions. Neressa will bring a completely unique set of skills to her class.
- Elsa, a finance major who started her career on the trading floor, but later moved into retail in merchandice planning at Macy’s in New York. She is also a keen football player which she will have plenty of opportunities to pursue in the UK.
And finally we were also joined by Shannon, a Boeing engineer specifically in charge of designing the galleys on 737 air crafts. As part of my trip to Seattle I went to visit Boeing and now fully appreciate the immense complexity of Shannon’s work in designing and building air crafts. So there they are, four women from the MBA2019 class at London Business School each bringing a unique and diverse perspective to their new community. As part of my job I have read most of the applications from the new class and I can tell you that Sherry, Neressa, Elsa and Shannon will be joining a great group of unique and diverse individuals.
So while we were sad to say goodbye to the MBA2017s we also celebrated their achievements and we look forward to welcome the new group of MBAs who are all keen to make an impact on the LBS community.
An MBA can provide a chance for real career exploration and career change. The period before your MBA is a great time to reflect and mentally prepare yourself for this exciting change.
We’ve found one of the most useful ways to maximise your chances of success in the MBA process is by speaking with current MBA students, recent graduates and potential classmates. Their invaluable insights will be helpful when it comes to understanding the culture of a school – what it is, what it isn’t, and what differentiates it.
If you’re lucky enough to have admissions offers from multiple business schools you really should make an effort to meet your potential classmates at these schools. With any MBA programme, your classmates are pretty much going to be your greatest educators and your greatest asset in your business school education. Of course, amazing professors are a huge part of your learning, but in your personal development, the people you’re surrounded by for hours on end – the other students – are often going to be the ones that build your global understanding.
Our MBA student ambassadors are here to help you understand what it means to join the LBS community. Ambassadors represent a broad range of industries, sectors and nationalities and are on hand to offer you advice through your decision-making journey. Whether you want to learn more about the programme, discover what life on campus is like, or how to maximise your time living in London – they are here to answer any questions you may have.
Contact an MBA Student Ambassador today to start your conversation.
I once read that one of the reasons women should undertake an MBA programme was because the alleged “bro-ski” or fraternity culture of business school prepares you for the male executive suite. On one hand I understand the argument. If you are surrounded by this type of culture for a couple of years you may very well grow a thick skin, handle critique better, become less emotional. All the stereotypes we associate men with and assume women don’t have or can’t handle (I don’t necessarily think this is true, but for the sake of this argument I am going to make general assumptions). On the other hand the statement implies that executive suites are always going to be dominated by men, and in order for women, to be successful they should conform to the male-like norms of the C-suite.
The assumption that all business schools have a cut-throat, ruthless environment is wrong. In fact, I would argue it is the exact opposite at London Business School. Our global community with nationalities from over 130 different countries creates an environment where different perspectives are a crucial part of the learning. In order to be successful at London Business School you will need to respect the collaborative nature of the school by building bridges rather than competing with your peers. I can say with confidence that the entire school community is collaborative, open-minded and inclusive. When you meet alumni or current students of the school they would be able to confirm this statement. We don’t believe that women should go to business school so they can “do business like a man… with men” I doubt that would go down well with most women. Instead women, just like men should pursue an MBA programme because they want to invest in themselves, their personal development, their career and lifelong network. However, women who are pursuing MBA programmes also have certain opportunities to change the c-suite and make a positive impact on gender equality.
It’s been said many times that business schools play an important role in creating the pipeline of women leaders. I couldn’t agree more. As a top business school we are educating future global leaders. Leaders of large international organisations who will go on to shape the business of the future. The more women who go on to graduate from business schools the more women we are able to promote into leadership roles. The more women we have in leadership roles the more opportunities we have to change outdated c-suite norms, in-equality in pay, maternity leave policies and the list goes on. Don’t get me wrong, I am not implying that business schools are a single solution, but it can act as a very powerful and important catalyst.
I am very proud to work at a world-leading institution where promoting women in business is high on the agenda. Our faculty are producing great research on the topic of gender in-equality, we have a prominent student-led Women in Business club, the School is a long-time member of the Forte Foundation and we have recently launched our own “Manbassador scheme” asking men to pledge their support to gender parity. Just last weekend our team hosted the annual Women in Business Weekend for future women on the MBA programme. We welcomed a group of MBA candidates to join us in London for a weekend of faculty lectures, sightseeing in London, afternoon tea (we are in London after all) and to participate in our 17th annual Women in Business Conference.
These are just some examples of the many activities we do every year as a school to promote women inbusiness. We are making good progress as a school by educating more and more women and bringing them into senior positions once they graduate, but we still have a way to go. Being part of the MBA recruitment & admissions team, I and the rest of our team are responsible for bringing in talented and ambitious women who are going to shape the future of leadership. It’s one of my favourite parts of the job. It creates an enormous sense of purpose knowing that we are part of helping someone achieve their goals in life, but also helping to foster positive change in gender in-equality. I have a very special interest in bringing more women to business school as I sit on the School Advisory Council for the Forte Foundation and also chair its European School Advisory group. Through the School’s work with the Forte Foundation we collaborate with major corporations, other top business schools and influential non-profit organisations to direct talented women towards leadership roles in business.
I care deeply about this cultural shift and I look forward to continuing our work as change agents not only at London Business School, but across other schools and organisations.
Over the last three months, not a day has gone by without a new article mentioning all the different changes business schools are making to their admissions processes. With many collective years selection experience in the London Business School MBA Admissions Committee, we have seen a lot of changes and trends come and go. The recent trend of schools reducing their application essay requirement looks here to stay. We have dropped an essay and now require just one.
I have quite firm views on what I want us to learn from an application and therefore what questions we should ask candidates. We carefully consider how all the different elements fit together in to our overall admissions process.
A top MBA is a career and indeed life-changing experience. So for us, a question about aspirations is key – even if, by the transformative nature of an MBA, those aspirations will change during your studies.
If I am honest, I am less keen on the quirkier questions I have seen some schools use.
The application form and essays are a great introduction to you, offering information on your life and career so far and a little on your hopes and dreams. But the real story-telling opportunity in the LBS process comes with the alumni interview. Every successful applicant has an alumni interview, but not all applicants are selected for interview and not all interviewees are successful. We gain a HUGE amount from the interview process and love having our alumni conduct them, so that you can learn a huge amount about life at LBS too!
We don’t stand still – we are a business school and innovation is vital. It’s in our DNA. So this year we are introducing a video submission element for all candidates who reach the interview stage. This was not a decision we took lightly. We’ve been considering making this introduction for a couple of years. We piloted the process last year with a few candidates, to help us assess English language skills. But this year we are going all-out and using the videos to help us learn a lot more about you.
I want to take this opportunity to reassure all interviewees that we are being very thoughtful about how we use this exciting new addition to our process. The team have carefully considered what our expectations are and the limitations of the new addition. We recognise that we need to consider cultural differences, as we do with everything, because we have such an international community. Some people will feel a lot more comfortable than others filming themselves answering questions. And some professional backgrounds train you to carry out such activities. We are NOT looking to use this as a tool to disqualify candidates or ‘catch you out’. Quite the opposite – it is another opportunity to shine and help us get to know you. Don’t even worry (too much) if you don’t time your answers perfectly – we won’t deduct points. We just want to see how you perform on both the prepared question and the unprepared section. We love meeting candidates at events, but it’s not possible to meet you all, so this helps us see you in action.
We have really enjoyed watching the first few submissions. Alongside the application, GMAT / GRE and alumni interview, we have a lot of data points to consider. We believe that we are very well equipped to make the big admissions decisions and honestly think we have one of the most thorough admissions processes in the MBA world. And hopefully one of the most challenging but enjoyable for applicants!
The LBS MBA is a highly collaborative programme, requiring huge levels of contribution from all students. Everyone has to add something. So every admit decision we make is huge for us. We care passionately about who makes it through to the final class. We want to recruit the 430 candidates who best fit our amazing, collaborative, global community.
We are excited about getting to know you better – and through the supporting materials included with the video software, you can learn more about us too.
If you have just completed the video submission, well done. If you are about to record it, good luck. And if you have yet to apply yet…what’s stopping you?
Whether you are at the crucial research stage or in the process of applying for our MBA programme, the Recruitment Team at London Business School (LBS) can offer you a wealth of support.
1. WE CAN HELP YOU WITH YOUR RESEARCH INTO THE MBA PROGRAMME
We understand that it can take weeks, months and even at times years, for candidates to decide on whether to do an MBA and which school to choose.
Therefore we are here to answer any questions or queries you may have concerning the LBS MBA programme. We can send you further details or any information requested to help you understand all the great features and benefits of the programme. We will share with you, what we look for in an MBA candidate. It is advised to start your research by looking at our recently updated MBA brochure.
2. WE CAN HELP YOU BY REVIEWING YOUR CV
Secondly we can help decipher whether the MBA will be the best programme for you based on your experience. We do this by conducting an informal CV review.
This is not an admissions decision, rather a tailored advice based on reviewing your academic and professional background. Admission is based on the whole application.
3. WE CAN ARRANGE 1-TO-1 CONSULTATION MEETINGS OR PHONE CHATS
Having a phone conversation or meeting you in person will give us an opportunity to offer you tailored advice and support that will help you to submit a competitive application.
We also hold informal MBA drop-in sessions on campus, where you can talk to a member of the Admissions Team and our Student Ambassadors. These events take place every Monday and Friday (beginning promptly at 14:30) and last one hour, and include Q&A and campus tour (weather permitting). There is no need to register in advance, simply report to our main Reception at around 14:20. We also have monthly information sessions on campus where you can meet the MBA Recruitment and Admissions Team, together with current MBA students and MBA Alumni. We also hold international information sessions; to find out which city we are visiting next, visit our website.
4. WE WILL GIVE YOU THE NECESSARY APPLICATION GUIDANCE AND SUPPORT
Whether that’s reminding you of the upcoming deadline dates, giving you some top tips on how to strengthen your application or sending you more information on the requirements for the programme; we are here to help you submit a strong application. We advise you to take a look at the recently published essay questions.
At all points right up until you submit an application, we are happy to help you begin your journey to becoming a successful student on the next class!
Get the conversation started today! Our email address is firstname.lastname@example.org.
It’s that time of year again. When the London Business School campus welcomes MBA admitted candidates into the LBS community. This year, we had over 150 MBA2018s and their partners attend a wide array of events showcasing the incredible city of London as well as the MBA programme’s offerings.
The first day of Welcome Weekend consisted of engaging presentations from our Career Centre, the MBA programme team and Student Ambassadors. Additionally, two of our world-class faculty members, Professor Rajesh Chandy and associate Professor Daniel Effron, led interactive lectures filled with lively debates. Following a day of engaging sessions and ‘Speed Networking’, admits and partners experienced their first evening Sundowners, an LBS tradition. MBA2018s then danced the night away to a live performance by ‘No Donuts for Hilda’, an LBS alumni band.
A highlight of the weekend included the ‘Entrepreneurship Session’ where we learned about an MBA2015 and his children’s literacy initiative, Pobble. Also featured in the session was MBA2015 student Graeme Burns, who talked about the student initiative, London Entrepreneurship Review.
Congratulations on your acceptance into the class of MBA2018 admits!
We look forward to seeing you soon at Orientation in August.
One of the most fulfilling parts of our work in the Admissions Team is knowing how much the MBA is going to change our students’ lives. This is especially true for the many students who join us looking to make a career shift from non-business backgrounds. Although such candidates have a lot more work to do, especially in the first year core courses such as accounting and finance, taking the longer route within a 15-21 month MBA programme enables students to make some big career transitions. To see their educational progression and growth is fantastic. And as you will read in the following piece, Portia moving from the BBC to McKinsey & Co is a great example of that!
Portia Williams: From broadcast to the boardroom!
“I was working as a broadcast journalist at the BBC in London. I had been a journalist for almost seven years, mostly focusing on news and current affairs across the Middle East and North Africa.
I wanted a new challenge and found that the opportunities offered by business school really appealed to me. I was also impressed by the experience of my some of my peers who took MBAs and by their personal development during and following the course.
It’s unusual to even consider applying to business school without experience in industries like finance or consulting or an academic background in disciplines like business or engineering, all of which are already very male-dominated. This means that a lot of great potential candidates don’t even consider applying.
To women considering business school, I’d say, be open-minded! There’s so much out there when you start thinking about business. Just because you didn’t study commerce or haven’t worked at a bank doesn’t mean that you won’t have an amazing experience at business school or that there aren’t fantastic professional opportunities out there for you as a result of having done a course like this. London Business School is a great place for women to study. There are some really inspiring and supportive women here both among the student body and in the faculty.
I’ve really enjoyed the learning component. The MBA has taught me a lot in terms of academic content but even more importantly, it’s altered my outlook. I now think about problems in a completely different way to how I did before starting this course. I’ve also really enjoyed making lots of new friends! It’s a real privilege to be able to study with so many impressive, energetic and fun people from around the world.
One of my academic highlights was an elective course called “Leading Teams and Organisations”. Each of the sessions involved interactive workshops with different groups of classmates from different programmes. It was an extraordinary shared learning experience that I don’t think you could replicate outside of the MBA classroom.
Negotiation and bargaining with Dr Lisa Shu transformed the way I approached negotiating by helped me to think about potential conflicts in a completely different and much more positive light. Taking part in simulated negotiation situations with our classmates each week meant we could try out different tactics and approaches in what felt like a safe environment.
Being part of the TELL Series Committee allowed me to meet with a number of extremely successful and very inspiring European entrepreneurs and to hear their stories first hand. It was also a great way to get to know other students from outside of my stream and programme.
I went on the 2015 trip to Moscow and St Petersburg. I’d wanted to visit Russia for as long as I can remember but had been waiting until I had the chance to go with Russians. It was fantastic to be able to get their insights into life there and experience the country with them.
My Global Business Experience was in South Africa. We spent a week doing a really fascinating project working with micro-entrepreneurs in the Alexandra Township in Johannesburg. It was interesting and challenging in equal parts. We also got to learn about the history of South Africa while we were there through trips and lectures and about what’s happening with business and the economy through visits to various businesses there.
I am currently on exchange at NYU’s Leonard Stern School of Management in New York. It’s a fantastic opportunity to get to spend four months living and studying in a different country. Upon graduation I’m going to join McKinsey and Company as a consultant in their London office. It’s a role I’m looking forward to and one I don’t think I would have even considered if it hadn’t been for going to LBS.”
I am fortunate to read a lot of excellent applications from very strong MBA candidates. But sometimes we come across amazing people who are going to change the world for the better.
When I first read Crystal’s application, I knew she was one of those people. It is really important for us that we have professionals in the class from all walks of life. Consultants, bankers and engineers are at the heart of every class. But people like Crystal and our students with medical backgrounds whose work saves lives, help to make the London Business School MBA community the very special place it is.
We are building a strong focus on healthcare through a range of different activities at London Business School.
I was delighted to see the introduction of a new healthcare elective last year. ‘Managing Healthcare’ is taught by a team of the School’s expert faculty, visiting faculty and guest speakers. The course summary states: “With increased demand and pressure to reduce costs, healthcare delivery systems across the globe are under pressure to find ways to increase quality and widen access, while simultaneously reducing cost. The aim of the course is to explore the challenges these competing goals create and to throw light on how they can be best managed. In so doing the course seeks to identify opportunities in health care for managers, entrepreneurs and policy makers. This course draws substantially from the research and consulting expertise of the team of instructors teaching it.”
As well as that elective students like Crystal have access to electives at partner schools, such as Business Opportunities in Bioprocessing & Life Science at University College London.
Crystal is President of the School’s Healthcare Club. With over 3000 student, alumni & staff members, the club is one of the largest and most active professional clubs on campus. Their activities encompass all Life Sciences areas including healthcare provision, biotechnology, pharmaceuticals & medical technology. Members of the Healthcare Club are active in a wide range of sectors including entrepreneurship, industry, consulting, banking, venture capital & private equity.
Crystal Ruff – ‘The best decision I’ve ever made’
“Prior to joining the MBA programme I was a Postdoctoral Research Fellow at the University Hospital Network in Toronto, Canada. Although it was an exciting time for my field, it was becoming increasingly evident that a PhD would not be enough to progress to where I wanted to go. It was clear that the future of medicine lies at the junction between business and commercialization skills and the technological know-how.
As a woman deciding to go to business school there are very specific barriers. Gender balance is still not evenly represented in the MBA class – although I think this year at LBS, my study group was the first amongst business schools to have more women than men! It can also be more difficult for women to penetrate the traditional “boys clubs” and we also face certain unconscious biases and stereotypes in the professional world. (see https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=B8gz-jxjCmg)
But here at LBS, we are working to change that. The school is working very hard to foster an empowering environment that supports both men and women in their business dreams, and it is really reflected in the amazing and diverse student body that we can boast of.
My advice to women would be: Do it! Jump in with both feet! It will be the best decision you ever made. London Business School is one of the most gender balanced of all the major universities. We have thriving Women in Business Club that has both men and women members and events. We are diverse and inclusive at the school – boasting 90% international students. Actually, we recently even broke a Guinness world record surrounding this – “most different nationalities singing a popular music song”. That is a typical Friday here – LBS has literally made many of its women (and men too!) Guinness World Record holders.
And then there’s the location. London is an amazing city and was one of the primary reasons I chose the School. Where else in the world can you nip out to Regent’s Park on your lunch hour for a picnic, go see the Rosetta Stone at your local museum and then go meet C-Suite Business, finance and industry leaders in the afternoon? There are no other cities in the world as internationally renowned as London and it makes the LBS experience even richer.
The most enjoyable part of my experience has definitely been the friends I’ve met and the networking. You can learn business skills anywhere, but at the end of the day, what really counts is your network. I have an army of the smartest, most successful people in the world behind me. Where can you NOT go, what door is NOT unlocked by the LBS key?
My favourite courses by far have been in organisational behaviour. Time and time again, when I meet the most senior leaders, I always have a habit of asking them “what do you wish you knew at my age?” and without fail – they all say… “Technical skills can only get you so far – if you want to be a senior leader, you MUST learn to manage people as well as do your tasks”. These courses prepare you for that.
Along with one other colleague, I am President of this year’s Healthcare Club. This year, we have seen the club grow in number and scope, we have introduced three new officers and several jobs in response to student demand, and have also instituted the first ever Advisory Board to help ensure the future of the club. We’ve been able to get amazing speakers, such as the CEOs of BUPA, Johnson and Johnson, Chairman of the NHS, and other C-Level executives that I would have never have dreamed of meeting otherwise in my wildest dreams! The LBS Brand has really opened doors that I hadn’t thought were possible!
If you decide to study your MBA at LBS, take advantage of the Treks – I have been to Turkey, Ireland, Prague, Hiking in Ben Nevis, to Paris, Bangkok, Cambodia and Spain. My passport looks like a child’s colouring book with all of the colourful stamps. There is just nowhere else in the world that you could nip off to Croatia for the weekend (forgot that one) or Moscow for a quick shopping visit. It is truly an international hub!”